In this lesson, we will identify other initiatives which can help in promoting transparency, accountability, and the rule of law, as well as addressing corrupt practices.
Aside from setting up mechanisms which aim to detect corruption such as auditing and reporting, establishing whistleblower protection systems, and credible investigation procedures, other additional initiatives can also be launched to complement these major efforts.
Article 5 of UNCAC, reiterates the core principles associated with the prevention of corruption in the public sector which include: transparency and accountability, integrity, proper management of public affairs and public property, and the rule of law.
In articles 7 and 8, UNCAC requires States to put in place specific measures that ensure adherence with these principles, including adopting merit-based systems for the recruitment and promotion of civil servants, prescribing criteria for election to public office, enhancing transparency in the funding of political parties, preventing conflicts of interest, promoting codes of conduct for the public sector, and establishing systems for the declaration of assets.
Additional measures for preventing corruption, called for in articles 10 and 13 of UNCAC, include the promotion of stakeholder participation and open government. Below are some concrete initiatives to promote transparency and accountability within public sector and how the people can support them.